Who We Are

The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization, based in Washington D.C., that works in partnership around the world to strengthen and safeguard democratic institutions, processes, norms and values to secure a better quality of life for all. NDI believes all people have the right to live in a world that respects their dignity, security, and political rights—and that the digital world is no exception.

Within NDI, the Democracy and Technology team seeks to foster a global digital ecosystem in which democratic values are protected, promoted, and can thrive; governments are more transparent and inclusive; and all citizens are empowered to hold their government accountable. We do this work by supporting a global network of activists committed to digital resilience, and through collaboration with partners on tools and resources like this Handbook. You can learn more about our work on our website, by following us on Twitter, or by reaching out directly to [email protected]. We are always happy to hear from you and answer questions about our team and our work on cybersecurity, technology, and democracy.

The House Democracy Partnership (HDP) works with legislatures around the world to promote responsive, effective government and strengthen democratic institutions. Central to our work is peer-to-peer cooperation to build technical expertise in partner legislatures that will enhance accountability, transparency, legislative independence, access to information, and government oversight. HDP currently has partnerships with more than 20 national legislatures around the world. Areas of cooperation with HDP partner parliaments include addressing budgetary issues, ensuring more effective committee operations, enhancing constituent services, providing tools for stronger oversight, strengthening legislative ethics, and improving IT, library and research, and legislative processes and procedures. HDP programs are implemented by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the International Republican Institute (IRI) through a cooperative funding agreement with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

National Democratic Institute Logo

Authors & Acknowledgments

This guide was produced by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and House Democracy Partnership (HDP).

Lead Author: Evan Summers (NDI)

Contributing Authors: Sarah Moulton (NDI); Chris Doten (NDI)

In developing this Handbook, we’d like to particularly thank our expert external reviewers who provided us with valuable feedback, edits, and suggestions as we pulled together this content, including: Fiona Krakenburger, Open Technology Fund; Bill Budington and Shirin Mori, Electronic Frontier Foundation; Jocelyn Woolbright, Cloudflare; Martin Shelton, Freedom of the Press Foundation; Dave Leichtman, Microsoft; Stephen Boyce, International Foundation for Electoral Systems; Amy Studdart, International Republican Institute; Emma Hollingsworth, Global Cyber Alliance; Caroline Sinders, Convocation Design + Research; Dhyta Caturani; Sandra Pepera, NDI; Aaron Azelton, NDI; Frieda Arenos, NDI; Anthony DeAngelo, NDI; Whitney Pfeifer, NDI; and Derek Luyten, House Democracy Partnership. We would also like to thank Paul Kollie at the Legislative Information Services in Liberia; Nihad Bahram and Fuad Ahmed at the Kurdistan parliament in Iraq; Diana Plata at the Senate of Colombia; Ayad Abbas and Majid Khudhur at the Iraqi Council of Representatives; and Tanja Danailovska at the Assembly of North Macedonia for their valuable insights and contributions.

We also want to acknowledge all the incredible manuals, guides, workbooks, training modules and other materials developed and maintained by the Organizational Security (OrgSec) Community. This Handbook is designed to complement those more in-depth materials, combining key lessons into a one-stop, easy-to-read resource for parliaments looking to get started on a cybersecurity plan.

In addition to taking indirect inspiration from many wonderful resources compiled by the community, we have directly copied useful language from a handful of existing resources as well throughout this Handbook, particularly the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s Surveillance Self Defense Guide, Tactical Tech’s Holistic Security Manual, and a range of explainers from the Center for Democracy and Technology and the Freedom of the Press Foundation. You can find specific citations to these resources throughout the sections below, and complete links, author, and license information on the resources page.